《马丁·伊登》中男主角的悲剧命运_英语论文
文档分类: 英语论文 文章语言:英语 发布时间:2017-08-30
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《马丁·伊登》中男主角的悲剧命运_英语毕业论文

Tragic Fate of the Hero in Martin Eden


摘 要

杰克·伦敦是美国文学史上一位重要的批判现实主义作家。《马丁·伊登》是他的代表作,讲述主人公马丁·伊登的悲惨命运。马丁是来自社会底层的穷苦水手,他通过努力学习与奋斗以进入梦寐以求的上层社会。然而,当他成功之后才发现他所追求的爱情与事业已被摧毁,最后投海自尽,人生成为悲剧。

本文共分为三个部分。第一部分简要介绍杰克· 伦敦的生平以及《马丁· 伊登》一书,并简析马丁的悲剧命运。第二部分着重分析导致马丁悲剧命运的根源。该部分将从拜金主义社会、马丁性格因素以及当时社会流行的哲学思想三个方面来分析造成马丁悲剧的原因。正是这些内在和外在原因的综合作用导致了马丁的命运悲剧。最后,论文第三部分讨论马丁的悲剧所反映的社会现实,尤其是美国社会中不断扩大的阶级差距,和美国梦的幻灭。

综上所述,马丁的悲剧是社会与时代的悲剧,是不可避免的。

关键词:悲剧命运;根源;社会现实;美国梦的幻灭


Abstract

Jack London is an important realistic writer in the history of American literature. Martin Eden is his representative work which describes the tragic fate of the hero. Martin was a poor sailor from the bottom of society and he read and worked hard in order to edge himself into the upper class. However, when he succeeded he found his love and career got ruined. Thus, he drowned himself when out at sea and his life was a tragedy.

This thesis can be divided into three parts. The first part introduces Jack London and Martin Eden and it summarizes the tragic fate of the the hero. The second part explores the causes that lead to Martin’s tragic fate. In this part, three major causes are analyzed, including the money-driven society, Martin’s character and the influence of the philosophical thoughts prevailing at that time in America. It is those internal and external causes that work together to lead Martin to his tragic fate. Finally, the third part discusses the social reality that Martin’s tragedy reflects, mainly concerning the widening class gap in American society and disillusionment of American Dream.

In conclusion, Martin’s tragic fate is inevitable since it is the tragedy of era and society.

Key words: tragic fate; causes; social reality; disillusionment of American Dream


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