从生态伦理学角度解读科马克•麦卡锡小说《路》中的人类危机_英语论文
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从生态伦理学角度解读科马克•麦卡锡小说《路》中的人类危机_英语论文

An Analysis of Men’s Crises in Cormac McCarthy’s The Road from the Perspective of Ecological Ethics

摘  要:《路》出版于2006年,是美国作家科马克•麦卡锡的重要作品之一。这部小说中所描绘的“后启示录”的场景吸引了世界各国读者的关注,引起了国内外学者的热烈讨论。本文从生态伦理学角度分析了《路》中人类所面临的三类危机:环境危机、社会危机和精神危机。人类不仅需要处理自身与环境的关系,同时也应当意识到他们与社会甚至是与自我的联系。这三种危机同时也映射出了现实世界中人类所面临的问题与困难。核危机、能源耗竭、人与人之间的疏离、自我中心主义、信仰的迷失等都是当下所面临的棘手问题。研究这三类危机有助于使人们认识到这些问题,从而对自身行为进行反思,并且也有助于人们意识到只有敬畏自然、敬畏生命以及“携带火种”才能在这个世界上更好地生存。《路》表达了作家的生态忧患意识,对构建人与自然和谐共处的生态关系以及人人相互关爱的社会关系具有重要意义。

关键词:科马克•麦卡锡;《路》;人类危机;生态伦理学

Abstract: Published in 2006, The Road is one of the most important works of American writer Cormac McCarthy. This novel, with its post-apocalyptic landscape, has drawn a lot of attention from the readers all over the world and aroused a heated discussion among scholars at home and abroad. From the perspective of ecological ethics, this paper is going to analyze three kinds of crises men are faced with - environmental crises, social crises and spiritual crises. Human beings, not only need to deal with the relationship with the environment, but should also be aware of their connections with the society and themselves. At the same time, these three kinds of crises also reflect the problems and difficulties human beings are confronted with now in reality. Problems such as the nuclear crisis, energy depletion, alienation, egocentrism, faithlessness and so on are all troublesome at present. The study of these three kinds of crises is helpful for men to be conscious of these problems, thus reflecting on their own behaviors. It is also helpful for men to know that only if they are in awe of nature and life as well as “carry the fire” can they better survive the sophisticated world. The author expresses his ecological concerns in The Road, which are of great importance to with the realization of harmony between the nature and the society.

Key Words: Cormac McCarthy; The Road; men’s crises; ecological ethics

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