《爱玛》中会话含义的语用研究_英语论文
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《爱玛》中会话含义的语用研究_英语论文
A Pragmatic Study of Conversational Implicature in Emma
摘要
简·奥斯汀作为著名的女性作家没有人运用对话的熟练和精确程度可以和她媲美,这也就决定了在她的作品中对话十分常见。所以本文尝试从合作原则和礼貌原则的角度及以个案分析的定性方法去分析《爱玛》中的会话含义,以此欣赏人物对话并挖掘其中所反映出的人物性格。Grice将合作原则定义为参与者在对话中做出自身的贡献达到与他们合作的效果。当谈及到礼貌原则时,Leech认为,尽可能减少不礼貌的表述,使礼貌的表达最大化。本文从《爱玛》中精选出来了一些对话,并根据其所违反的相关的合作原则和礼貌原则进行了明确归类和比较分析。与此同时,合作原则理论没有就人们在言语交际中为什么要含蓄间接地表达自己的真实意图给出合理的解释, 而Leech提出的礼貌原则理论则弥补了这一缺陷。通过分析,本文可帮助读者对主要人物的内在情感有更深入的理解,同时对奥斯汀的写作技巧进行了赏析;另一方面通过这个途径可以验证语用学理论在文学作品文本分析中的有效性和意义存在。
关键词:合作原则 会话含义 礼貌原则
Abstract
Jane Austen, a famous female writer who use dialogues proficiently and precisely that no one can compare with her,which determines splendid dialogues are very common in her work. Hence this thesis, attempts to explore the conversational implicature of dialogues in Emma by applying cooperative principle and politeness principle, in order to probe the way of literary analysis from perspective of pragmatics. Grice defines the cooperative principle as in a conversation the participants will cooperate with each other when making their contributions. When it comes to the politeness principle, Leech describes the politeness principle as minimize the expression of impolite beliefs; maximize the expression of polite beliefs. In this thesis, examples are carefully selected from the novel and classified into different categories according to violation of each maxim of the cooperative principle and the politeness principle. Meanwhile, the cooperative principle fails to explain why people often breach the conversational maxims and convey what they really mean in a round way. Leech’s principle here is taken to answer this question. By analyzing the rich conversational implicatures generated by flouting cooperative principle and observing politeness principle, the thesis can help readers get a better understanding of the inner emotions concerning the leading characters and appreciation of the writer’s writing skill; on the other hand, this approach can prove the validity and significance of applying pragmatic theory into literary studies.    
Key Words:  cooperative principle  conversation implicature  politeness principle
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